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Publication# Trace coordinates of Teichmüller space of Riemann surfaces of signature $(0,4)$

Abstract

Summary: We explicitly give $calT$, the Teichmüller space of four-holed spheres (which we call $X$ pieces) in trace coordinates, as well as its modular group and a fundamental domain for the action of this group on $calT$ which is its moduli space. As a consequence, we see that on any hyperbolic Riemann surface, two closed geodesics of lengths smaller than $2operatornamearccosh(2)$ intersect at most once; two closed geodesics of lengths smaller than $2operatornamearccosh(3)$ are both non-dividing or intersect at most once.

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In mathematics, particularly in complex analysis, a Riemann surface is a connected one-dimensional complex manifold. These surfaces were first studied by and are named after Bernhard Riemann. Riemann surfaces can be thought of as deformed versions of the complex plane: locally near every point they look like patches of the complex plane, but the global topology can be quite different. For example, they can look like a sphere or a torus or several sheets glued together.

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In mathematics, the Teichmüller space of a (real) topological (or differential) surface , is a space that parametrizes complex structures on up to the action of homeomorphisms that are isotopic to the identity homeomorphism. Teichmüller spaces are named after Oswald Teichmüller. Each point in a Teichmüller space may be regarded as an isomorphism class of "marked" Riemann surfaces, where a "marking" is an isotopy class of homeomorphisms from to itself.

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