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Publication# Oscillatory Spin-Filtering due to Gate Control of Spin-Dependent Interface Conductance

Abstract

Using the Landauer-Büttiker formalism, we study ballistic transport properties of an interface between a ferromagnetic metal and a mesoscopic two-dimensional electron system in a III-V semiconductor. We show that in a Sharvin point contact spin-filtering occurs due to band structure mismatch. Theory predicts a pronounced effect for Fe on InAs which can be controlled via a gate electrode.

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Related concepts (26)

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Controlled NOT gate

In computer science, the controlled NOT gate (also C-NOT or CNOT), controlled-X gate, controlled-bit-flip gate, Feynman gate or controlled Pauli-X is a quantum logic gate that is an essential component in the construction of a gate-based quantum computer. It can be used to entangle and disentangle Bell states. Any quantum circuit can be simulated to an arbitrary degree of accuracy using a combination of CNOT gates and single qubit rotations. The gate is sometimes named after Richard Feynman who developed an early notation for quantum gate diagrams in 1986.

Ballistic conduction

In mesoscopic physics, ballistic conduction (ballistic transport) is the unimpeded flow (or transport) of charge carriers (usually electrons), or energy-carrying particles, over relatively long distances in a material. In general, the resistivity of a material exists because an electron, while moving inside a medium, is scattered by impurities, defects, thermal fluctuations of ions in a crystalline solid, or, generally, by any freely-moving atom/molecule composing a gas or liquid.

Quantum logic gate

In quantum computing and specifically the quantum circuit model of computation, a quantum logic gate (or simply quantum gate) is a basic quantum circuit operating on a small number of qubits. They are the building blocks of quantum circuits, like classical logic gates are for conventional digital circuits. Unlike many classical logic gates, quantum logic gates are reversible. It is possible to perform classical computing using only reversible gates.

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