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Publication# A Novel Non-Diffractive Reconstruction Method for Digital Holographic Microscopy

Michaël Unser, Christian Depeursinge, Etienne Cuche, Thierry Blu, Pierre Marquet

2002

Conference paper

2002

Conference paper

Abstract

We present a new method for reconstructing digitally recorded off-axis Fresnel holograms. Currently-used reconstruction methods are based on the simulation and propagation of a reference wave that is diffracted by the hologram. This procedure introduces a twin-image and a zero-order term which are inherent to the diffraction phenomenon. These terms perturb the reconstruction and limit the field of view. Our new approach splits the reconstruction process into two parts. First, we recover the amplitude and the phase in the camera plane from the measured hologram intensity. Our algorithm is based on the hypothesis of a slowly varying object wave which interferes with a more rapidly varying reference wave. In a second step, we propagate this complex wave to refocus it using the Fresnel transform. We therefore avoid the presence of the twin-image and zero-order interference terms. This new approach is flexible and can be adapted easily to complicated experimental setups. We demonstrate its feasibility in the case of digital holographic microscopy and present results for the imaging of living neurons.

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Sine wave

A sine wave, sinusoidal wave, or sinusoid is a mathematical curve defined in terms of the sine trigonometric function, of which it is the graph. It is a type of continuous wave and also a smooth periodic function. It occurs often in mathematics, as well as in physics, engineering, signal processing and many other fields. Its most basic form as a function of time (t) is: where: A, amplitude, the peak deviation of the function from zero. f, ordinary frequency, the number of oscillations (cycles) that occur each second of time.

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In physics, a transverse wave is a wave whose oscillations are perpendicular to the direction of the wave's advance. This is in contrast to a longitudinal wave which travels in the direction of its oscillations. Water waves are an example of transverse wave. A simple example is given by the waves that can be created on a horizontal length of string by anchoring one end and moving the other end up and down. Another example is the waves that are created on the membrane of a drum.

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