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Publication# Observation of Two Excited B$^+_\mathrm{c}$ States and Measurement of the B$^+_\mathrm{c}$(2S) Mass in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

Jian Wang, Matthias Finger, Lesya Shchutska, Qian Wang, Yiming Li, Matthias Wolf, Varun Sharma, Yi Zhang, Konstantin Androsov, Jan Steggemann, Leonardo Cristella, Xin Chen, Davide Di Croce, Mingkui Wang, João Miguel das Neves Duarte, Tagir Aushev, Tian Cheng, Werner Lustermann, Andromachi Tsirou, Alexis Kalogeropoulos, Andrea Rizzi, Ioannis Papadopoulos, Paolo Ronchese, Thomas Muller, Hua Zhang, Siyuan Wang, Jessica Prisciandaro, Peter Hansen, Daniel Gonzalez, Tao Huang, David Vannerom, Michele Bianco, Kun Shi, Wei Shi, Abhisek Datta, Thomas Berger, Alessandro Caratelli, Ji Hyun Kim, Donghyun Kim, Dipanwita Dutta, Zheng Wang, Sanjeev Kumar, Wei Li, Yong Yang, Geng Chen, Yi Wang, Ajay Kumar, Ashish Sharma, Georgios Anagnostou, Joao Varela, Csaba Hajdu, Muhammad Ahmad, Ekaterina Kuznetsova, Ioannis Evangelou, Matthias Weber, Muhammad Shoaib, Milos Dordevic, Vineet Kumar, Vladimir Petrov, Francesco Fiori, Quentin Python, Meng Xiao, Sourav Sen, Viktor Khristenko, Marco Trovato, Fan Xia, Xiao Wang, Bibhuprasad Mahakud, Jing Li, Rajat Gupta, Zhen Liu, Lei Feng, Muhammad Waqas, Hui Wang, Seungkyu Ha, Davide Cieri, Maren Tabea Meinhard, Giorgia Rauco, Ali Harb, Benjamin William Allen, Long Wang, Pratyush Das, Miao Hu, Lei Li, Amr Mohamed, Valérie Scheurer, Giovanni Mocellin

2019

Journal paper

2019

Journal paper

Abstract

Signals consistent with the Bc+(2S) and Bc*+(2S) states are observed in proton-proton collisions at s=13 TeV, in an event sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 143 fb-1, collected by the CMS experiment during the 2015–2018 LHC running periods. These excited b¯c states are observed in the Bc+π+π- invariant mass spectrum, with the ground state Bc+ reconstructed through its decay to J/ψπ+. The two states are reconstructed as two well-resolved peaks, separated in mass by 29.1±1.5(stat)±0.7(syst) MeV. The observation of two peaks, rather than one, is established with a significance exceeding five standard deviations. The mass of the Bc+(2S) meson is measured to be 6871.0±1.2(stat)±0.8(syst)±0.8(Bc+) MeV, where the last term corresponds to the uncertainty in the world-average Bc+ mass.

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