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Publication# SCALE/AMPX multigroup libraries for sodium-cooled fast reactor systems

Abstract

New multigroup cross section libraries and associated covariance files that are optimized for the analysis of sodium-cooled fast reactors were generated with the AMPX tools distributed with the SCALE code system. These new libraries account for the fast neutron flux spectrum with sufficient resolution of resonances in the higher energy range to reproduce continuous-energy reference results and to provide the basis for sensitivity and uncertainty analyses of fast spectrum systems with the SCALE code system. The performance of the new libraries was investigated in terms of the eigenvalue, the neutron flux and reaction rates in criticality calculations, and the generation of group constants. A library using 302 energy groups and a fast neutron flux spectrum as the weighting function led to very good agreement with reference continuous-energy results. The performance of the new library was demonstrated in calculations of experiments from the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project handbook. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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Related concepts (3)

Neutron star

A neutron star is the collapsed core of a massive supergiant star, which had a total mass of between 10 and 25 solar masses (), possibly more if the star was especially metal-rich. Except for black holes, neutron stars are the smallest and densest currently known class of stellar objects. Neutron stars have a radius on the order of and a mass of about . They result from the supernova explosion of a massive star, combined with gravitational collapse, that compresses the core past white dwarf star density to that of atomic nuclei.

Neutron flux

The neutron flux, φ, is a scalar quantity used in nuclear physics and nuclear reactor physics. It is the total distance travelled by all free neutrons per unit time and volume. Equivalently, it can be defined as the number of neutrons travelling through a small sphere of radius in a time interval, divided by (the cross section of the sphere) and by the time interval. The usual unit is cm−2s−1 (neutrons per centimeter squared per second).

Physical constant

A physical constant, sometimes fundamental physical constant or universal constant, is a physical quantity that is generally believed to be both universal in nature and have constant value in time. It is distinct from a mathematical constant, which has a fixed numerical value, but does not directly involve any physical measurement. There are many physical constants in science, some of the most widely recognized being the speed of light in vacuum c, the gravitational constant G, the Planck constant h, the electric constant ε0, and the elementary charge e.