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Publication# Search for CP violation and observation of P violation in Lambda(0)(b) -> p pi(-) pi(+) pi(-) decays

Jian Wang, Olivier Schneider, Yiming Li, Yi Zhang, Aurelio Bay, Guido Haefeli, Christoph Frei, Frédéric Blanc, Tatsuya Nakada, Michel De Cian, Luca Pescatore, François Fleuret, Elena Graverini, Renato Quagliani, Federico Betti, Andrea Merli, Aravindhan Venkateswaran, Vitalii Lisovskyi, Katharina Müller, Sebastian Schulte, Veronica Sølund Kirsebom, Elisabeth Maria Niel, Mingkui Wang, Zhirui Xu, Lei Zhang, Ho Ling Li, Mark Tobin, Minh Tâm Tran, Niko Neufeld, Matthew Needham, Marc-Olivier Bettler, Maurizio Martinelli, Vladislav Balagura, Donal Patrick Hill, Liang Sun, Pietro Marino, Mirco Dorigo, Xiaoxue Han, Liupan An, Federico Leo Redi, Plamen Hristov Hopchev, Thibaud Humair, Maxime Schubiger, Hang Yin, Guido Andreassi, Violaine Bellée, Olivier Göran Girard, Axel Kuonen, Preema Rennee Pais, Pavol Stefko, Tara Nanut, Maria Elena Stramaglia, Yao Zhou, Tommaso Colombo, Vladimir Macko, Guillaume Max Pietrzyk, Evgenii Shmanin, Simone Meloni, Xiaoqing Zhou, Surapat Ek-In, Dipanwita Dutta, Zheng Wang, Yi Wang, Hans Dijkstra, Gerhard Raven, Peter Clarke, Frédéric Teubert, Giovanni Carboni, Victor Coco, Adam Davis, Paolo Durante, Wenyu Zhang, Yu Zheng, Anton Petrov, Maxim Borisyak, Feng Jiang, Chen Chen, Zhipeng Tang, Xuan Li, Alexey Boldyrev, Almagul Kondybayeva, Hossein Afsharnia

2020

Journal paper

2020

Journal paper

Abstract

A search for CP violation in the Lambda(0)(b) -> p pi(-) pi(+) pi(-) decay is performed using LHCb data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6.6 fb(-1) collected in pp collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV. The analysis uses both triple product asymmetries and the unbinned energy test method. The highest significances of CP asymmetry are 2.9 standard deviations from triple product asymmetries and 3.0 standard deviations for the energy test method. Once the global p-value is considered, all results are consistent with no CP violation. Parity violation is observed at a significance of 5.5 standard deviations for the triple product asymmetry method and 5.3 standard deviations for the energy test method. The reported deviations are given in regions of phase space.

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In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure of the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of values. A low standard deviation indicates that the values tend to be close to the mean (also called the expected value) of the set, while a high standard deviation indicates that the values are spread out over a wider range. Standard deviation may be abbreviated SD, and is most commonly represented in mathematical texts and equations by the lower case Greek letter σ (sigma), for the population standard deviation, or the Latin letter s, for the sample standard deviation.

In particle physics, CP violation is a violation of CP-symmetry (or charge conjugation parity symmetry): the combination of C-symmetry (charge symmetry) and P-symmetry (parity symmetry). CP-symmetry states that the laws of physics should be the same if a particle is interchanged with its antiparticle (C-symmetry) while its spatial coordinates are inverted ("mirror" or P-symmetry). The discovery of CP violation in 1964 in the decays of neutral kaons resulted in the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1980 for its discoverers James Cronin and Val Fitch.

The average absolute deviation (AAD) of a data set is the average of the absolute deviations from a central point. It is a summary statistic of statistical dispersion or variability. In the general form, the central point can be a mean, median, mode, or the result of any other measure of central tendency or any reference value related to the given data set. AAD includes the mean absolute deviation and the median absolute deviation (both abbreviated as MAD). Several measures of statistical dispersion are defined in terms of the absolute deviation.

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