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Publication# Development of discrete surface growth models for frictional surfaces

Abstract

Both natural and manufactured surfaces have been found to be self-affine over many length scales. Yet, it is still not understood what mechanisms lead to the final self-affine morphology, which is characterized by a persistent Hurst exponent (greater than 0.5, see next section 2.1 for the definitions). The scope of this project is then to develop new discrete growth models that can help gather insights in the formation of self-affine surfaces in frictional processes.

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Related concepts (8)

Hurst exponent

The Hurst exponent is used as a measure of long-term memory of time series. It relates to the autocorrelations of the time series, and the rate at which these decrease as the lag between pairs of values increases. Studies involving the Hurst exponent were originally developed in hydrology for the practical matter of determining optimum dam sizing for the Nile river's volatile rain and drought conditions that had been observed over a long period of time.

Length scale

In physics, length scale is a particular length or distance determined with the precision of at most a few orders of magnitude. The concept of length scale is particularly important because physical phenomena of different length scales cannot affect each other and are said to decouple. The decoupling of different length scales makes it possible to have a self-consistent theory that only describes the relevant length scales for a given problem.

Affine transformation

In Euclidean geometry, an affine transformation or affinity (from the Latin, affinis, "connected with") is a geometric transformation that preserves lines and parallelism, but not necessarily Euclidean distances and angles. More generally, an affine transformation is an automorphism of an affine space (Euclidean spaces are specific affine spaces), that is, a function which maps an affine space onto itself while preserving both the dimension of any affine subspaces (meaning that it sends points to points, lines to lines, planes to planes, and so on) and the ratios of the lengths of parallel line segments.