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Publication# A Distributed Luenberger Observer for Linear State Feedback Systems With Quantized and Rate-Limited Communications

Abstract

This article addresses the problem of simultaneous distributed state estimation, and control of linear systems with linear state feedback, subjected to process, and measurement noise, under the constraints of quantized, and rate-limited network data transmission. In the set-up adopted, sensors and actuators communicate through a network with a strongly connected topology. Unlike the case of centralized linear systems, for which the separation principle holds, the above practical assumption prevents the separate design of observers, and controller because each of the nodes does not necessarily have access to the control inputs generated at all the other nodes. We derive a linear distributed Luenberger observer, and a set of sufficient conditions that guarantee ultimate boundedness of the estimation error, and system state vectors, with bounds that depend on the L-infinity norm of the noise signals, and the number of bits used in the transmissions. A numerical example illustrates the performance and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in controlling a network of open-loop unstable systems.

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Related concepts (7)

Algorithm

In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm (ˈælɡərɪðəm) is a finite sequence of rigorous instructions, typically used to solve a class of specific problems or to perform a computation. Algorithms are used as specifications for performing calculations and data processing. More advanced algorithms can use conditionals to divert the code execution through various routes (referred to as automated decision-making) and deduce valid inferences (referred to as automated reasoning), achieving automation eventually.

Linear system

In systems theory, a linear system is a mathematical model of a system based on the use of a linear operator. Linear systems typically exhibit features and properties that are much simpler than the nonlinear case. As a mathematical abstraction or idealization, linear systems find important applications in automatic control theory, signal processing, and telecommunications. For example, the propagation medium for wireless communication systems can often be modeled by linear systems.

Topology

In mathematics, topology (from the Greek words τόπος, and λόγος) is concerned with the properties of a geometric object that are preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching, twisting, crumpling, and bending; that is, without closing holes, opening holes, tearing, gluing, or passing through itself. A topological space is a set endowed with a structure, called a topology, which allows defining continuous deformation of subspaces, and, more generally, all kinds of continuity.