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Publication# Computational micromechanics of porous brittle solids

Johan Alexandre Philippe Gaume, Henning Löwe, Lars Kristoffer Uhlen Blatny, Stephanie Wang

2021

Journal paper

2021

Journal paper

Abstract

Porous brittle solids evidence complex mechanical behavior, where localized failure patterns originate from mechanical processes on the microstructural level. In order to investigate the failure mechanics of porous brittle solids, we outline a general stochastic and numerical microstructure-based approach. To this end, we generate random porous microstructures by level-cutting Gaussian random fields, and conduct numerical simulations using the material point method. This allows investigating both small and large deformation characteristics of irregular porous media where a segmentation into grains and bonds is ambiguous. We demonstrate the versatility of our approach by examining elasticity and failure as a function of a wide range of porosities, from 20% to 80%. Observing that onset of failure can be well described through the second order work, we show that the stress at failure follows a power law similar to that of the elastic modulus. Moreover, we propose that the failure envelope can be approximated by a simple quadratic fitting curve, and that plastic deformation appears to be governed by an associative plastic flow rule. Finally, large deformation simulations reveal a transition in the mode of localization of the deformation, from compaction bands for highly porous samples to shear bands for denser ones.

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