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Publication# Fast global spectral methods for three-dimensional partial differential equations

Abstract

Global spectral methods offer the potential to compute solutions of partial differential equations numerically to very high accuracy. In this work, we develop a novel global spectral method for linear partial differential equations on cubes by extending the ideas of Chebop2 (Townsend, A. & Olver, S. (2015) The automatic solution of partial differential equations using a global spectral method. J. Comput. Phys., 299, 106-123) to the three-dimensional setting utilizing expansions in tensorized polynomial bases. Solving the discretized partial differential equation involves a linear system that can be recast as a linear tensor equation. Under suitable additional assumptions, the structure of these equations admits an efficient solution via the blocked recursive solver (Chen, M. & Kressner, D. (2020) Recursive blocked algorithms for linear systems with Kronecker product structure. Numer. Algorithms, 84, 1199-1216). In the general case, when these assumptions are not satisfied, this solver is used as a preconditioner to speed up computations.

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Algorithm

In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm (ˈælɡərɪðəm) is a finite sequence of rigorous instructions, typically used to solve a class of specific problems or to perform a computation. Algorithms are used as specifications for performing calculations and data processing. More advanced algorithms can use conditionals to divert the code execution through various routes (referred to as automated decision-making) and deduce valid inferences (referred to as automated reasoning), achieving automation eventually.

Partial differential equation

In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is an equation which computes a function between various partial derivatives of a multivariable function. The function is often thought of as an "unknown" to be solved for, similar to how x is thought of as an unknown number to be solved for in an algebraic equation like x2 − 3x + 2 = 0. However, it is usually impossible to write down explicit formulas for solutions of partial differential equations.

Linear system

In systems theory, a linear system is a mathematical model of a system based on the use of a linear operator. Linear systems typically exhibit features and properties that are much simpler than the nonlinear case. As a mathematical abstraction or idealization, linear systems find important applications in automatic control theory, signal processing, and telecommunications. For example, the propagation medium for wireless communication systems can often be modeled by linear systems.

In this thesis, we study two distinct problems.
The first problem consists of studying the linear system of partial differential equations which consists of taking a k-form, and applying the exterior