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Publication# High order geometric methods with splines: fast solution with explicit time-stepping for Maxwell equations

Abstract

We introduce a high-order spline geometric approach for the initial boundary value problem for Maxwell's equations. The method is geometric in the sense that it discretizes in structure preserving fashion the two de Rham sequences of differential forms involved in the formulation of the continuous system. Both the Ampere--Maxwell and the Faraday equations are required to hold strongly, while to make the system solvable two discrete Hodge star operators are used. By exploiting the properties of the chosen spline spaces and concepts from exterior calculus, a non-standard explicit in time formulation is introduced, based on the solution of linear systems with matrices presenting Kronecker product structure, rather than mass matrices as in the standard literature. These matrices arise from the application of the exterior (wedge) product in the discrete setting, and they present Kronecker product structure independently of the geometry of the domain or the material parameters. The resulting scheme preserves the desirable energy conservation properties of the known approaches. The computational advantages of the newly proposed scheme are studied both through a complexity analysis and through numerical experiments in three dimensions.

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Matrix (mathematics)

In mathematics, a matrix (plural matrices) is a rectangular array or table of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns, which is used to represent a mathematical object or a property of such an object. For example, is a matrix with two rows and three columns. This is often referred to as a "two by three matrix", a " matrix", or a matrix of dimension . Without further specifications, matrices represent linear maps, and allow explicit computations in linear algebra.

Maxwell's equations

Maxwell's equations, or Maxwell–Heaviside equations, are a set of coupled partial differential equations that, together with the Lorentz force law, form the foundation of classical electromagnetism, classical optics, and electric circuits. The equations provide a mathematical model for electric, optical, and radio technologies, such as power generation, electric motors, wireless communication, lenses, radar, etc. They describe how electric and magnetic fields are generated by charges, currents, and changes of the fields.

Geometric algebra

In mathematics, a geometric algebra (also known as a real Clifford algebra) is an extension of elementary algebra to work with geometrical objects such as vectors. Geometric algebra is built out of two fundamental operations, addition and the geometric product. Multiplication of vectors results in higher-dimensional objects called multivectors. Compared to other formalisms for manipulating geometric objects, geometric algebra is noteworthy for supporting vector division and addition of objects of different dimensions.

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Un MOOC francophone d'algèbre linéaire accessible à tous, enseigné de manière rigoureuse et ne nécessitant aucun prérequis.

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