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Publication# Correlation properties of a one-dimensional repulsive Bose gas at finite temperature

Abstract

We present a comprehensive study shedding light on how thermal fluctuations affect correlations in a Bose gas with contact repulsive interactions in one spatial dimension. The pair correlation function, the static structure factor, and the one-body density matrix are calculated as a function of the interaction strength and temperature with the exact ab-initio Path Integral Monte Carlo method. We explore all possible gas regimes from weak to strong interactions and from low to high temperatures. We provide a detailed comparison with a number of theories, such as perturbative (Bogoliubov and decoherent classical), effective (Luttinger liquid) and exact (ground-state and thermal Bethe Ansatz) ones. Our Monte Carlo results exhibit an excellent agreement with the tractable limits and provide a fundamental benchmark for future observations which can be achieved in atomic gases, cavity quantum-electrodynamic and superconducting-circuit platforms.

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