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Publication# Some Mordell-Weil lattices and applications to sphere packings

Abstract

We provide new explicit examples of lattice sphere packings in dimensions 54, 55, 162, 163, 486 and 487 that are the densest known so far, using Kummer families of elliptic curves over global function fields.In some cases, these families of elliptic curves have unbounded Mordell-Weil rank, and using the Néron-Tate height on the Mordell-Weil group, one can obtain lattices in high-dimensional euclidean spaces. In one case however, the rank of the curves happens to be bounded and non-zero in the Kummer family of (isotrivial) elliptic curves. In any case, these results rely on the explicit determination of the L-function of these curves, via Jacobi sums. This allows, under certain assumptions, to obtain formulas for the (analytic) rank of those curves.

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Related concepts (32)

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Sphere packing

In geometry, a sphere packing is an arrangement of non-overlapping spheres within a containing space. The spheres considered are usually all of identical size, and the space is usually three-dimensional Euclidean space. However, sphere packing problems can be generalised to consider unequal spheres, spaces of other dimensions (where the problem becomes circle packing in two dimensions, or hypersphere packing in higher dimensions) or to non-Euclidean spaces such as hyperbolic space.

Elliptic curve

In mathematics, an elliptic curve is a smooth, projective, algebraic curve of genus one, on which there is a specified point O. An elliptic curve is defined over a field K and describes points in K^2, the Cartesian product of K with itself. If the field's characteristic is different from 2 and 3, then the curve can be described as a plane algebraic curve which consists of solutions (x, y) for: for some coefficients a and b in K. The curve is required to be non-singular, which means that the curve has no cusps or self-intersections.

Height function

A height function is a function that quantifies the complexity of mathematical objects. In Diophantine geometry, height functions quantify the size of solutions to Diophantine equations and are typically functions from a set of points on algebraic varieties (or a set of algebraic varieties) to the real numbers. For instance, the classical or naive height over the rational numbers is typically defined to be the maximum of the numerators and denominators of the coordinates (e.g.

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