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Unit# Digital modeling and simulation chair

Chair

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Geometry

Geometry (; ) is a branch of mathematics concerned with properties of space such as the distance, shape, size, and relative position of figures. Geometry is, along with arithmetic, one of the oldest b

Finite element method

The finite element method (FEM) is a popular method for numerically solving differential equations arising in engineering and mathematical modeling. Typical problem areas of interest include the tr

Numerical analysis

Numerical analysis is the study of algorithms that use numerical approximation (as opposed to symbolic manipulations) for the problems of mathematical analysis (as distinguished from discrete mathema

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Removing geometrical details from a complex domain is a classical operation in computer aided design for simulation and manufacturing. This procedure simplifies the meshing process, and it enables faster simulations with less memory requirements. However, depending on the partial differential equation that one wants to solve in the geometrical model of interest, removing some important geometrical features may greatly impact the solution accuracy. For instance, in solid mechanics simulations, such features can be holes or fillets near stress concentration regions. Unfortunately, the effect of geometrical simplification on the accuracy of the problem solution is often neglected, because its analysis is a time-consuming task that is often performed manually, based on the expertise of engineers. It is therefore important to have a better understanding of the effect of geometrical model simplification, also called defeaturing, to improve our control on the simulation accuracy along the design and analysis phase.In this thesis, we formalize the process of defeaturing, and we analyze its impact on the accuracy of solutions of some partial differential problems. To achieve this goal, we first precisely define the error between the problem solution defined in the exact geometry, and the one defined in the simplified geometry. Then, we introduce an a posteriori estimator of the energy norm of this error. This allows us to reliably and efficiently control the error coming from the addition or the removal of geometrical features. We subsequently consider a finite element approximation of the defeatured problem, and the induced numerical error is integrated to the proposed defeaturing error estimator. In particular, we address the special case of isogeometric analysis based on (truncated) hierarchical B-splines, in possibly trimmed and multipatch geometries. In this framework, we derive a reliable a posteriori estimator of the overall error, i.e., of the error between the exact solution defined in the exact geometry, and the numerical solution defined in the defeatured geometry.We then propose a two-fold adaptive strategy for analysis-aware defeaturing, which starts by considering a coarse mesh on a fully-defeatured computational domain. On the one hand, the algorithm performs classical finite element mesh refinements in a (partially) defeatured geometry. On the other hand, the strategy also allows for geometrical refinement. That is, at each iteration, the algorithm is able to choose which missing geometrical features should be added to the simplified geometrical model, in order to obtain a more accurate solution.Throughout the thesis, we validate the presented theory, the properties of the aforementioned estimators and the proposed adaptive strategies, thanks to an extensive set of numerical experiments.

Annalisa Buffa, Rafael Vazquez Hernandez

This paper reviews the state of the art and discusses recent developments in the field of adaptive isogeometric analysis, with special focus on the mathematical theory. This includes an overview of available spline technologies for the local resolution of possible singularities as well as the state-of-the-art formulation of convergence and quasi-optimality of adaptive algorithms for both the finite element method and the boundary element method in the frame of isogeometric analysis.

Bernard Kapidani, Rafael Vazquez Hernandez

In this work, isogeometric mortaring is used for the simulation of a six-pole permanent magnet synchronous machine. Isogeometric mortaring is especially well suited for the efficient computation of rotating electric machines, as it allows for an exact geometry representation for arbitrary rotation angles without the need for remeshing. The appropriate B-spline spaces needed for the solution of Maxwell's equations and the corresponding mortar spaces are introduced. Unlike classical finite-element methods (FEMs), their construction is straightforward in the isogeometric case. The torque in the machine is computed using two different methods, that is, Arkkio's method and using the Lagrange multipliers from the mortaring.