This page, a companion page to tax, lists different taxes by economic design. For different taxes by country, see Tax rates around the world.Taxes generally fall into the following broad categories:
Tariff (taxes on international trade)
Capitation, a fixed tax charged per person
Fees and tolls
Effective taxes, government policies that are not explicitly taxes, but result in income to the government through losses to the public
Capital gains tax is a tax on the sale of an investment, usually stocks, bonds, precious metals and property.
Corporate tax is levied on the earnings or profits of a corporation.
Dividend tax is a tax on dividends paid to shareholders of a company.
Excess profits tax is a tax on unusually high profits levied on a corporation. This was largely levied in the United States in times of war to prevent war profiteering, but has been proposed at other times.
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