Philip Joseph Pauly (September 3, 1950 – April 2, 2008) was an American historian of science known for his work on the history of biology in the United States. A professor at Rutgers University, he published three books: Controlling Life: Jacques Loeb and the Engineering Ideal in Biology; Biologists and the Promise of American Life: From Meriwether Lewis to Alfred Kinsey; and Fruits and Plains: The Horticultural Transformation of America. His final book was honored with the Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries Annual Literature Award in 2009.
A native of Cincinnati, Ohio, Pauly graduated from St. Xavier High School in Cincinnati in 1968. He was an undergraduate at Catholic University, graduating in 1971. He earned an M.A. in 1975 from the University of Maryland, College Park and a Ph.D. in 1981 from Johns Hopkins University, where he studied with Donna Haraway. He also held a predoctoral fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution and a postdoctoral fellowship at O