Aryeh Sheftel (אריה שפטל, born 1905, died 28 September 1980) was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset and mayor of Rishon LeZion.
Born in Vilnius in the Russian Empire, Sheftel was educated in a heder, yeshiva and high school in his home city, before attending a Teachers Seminary, after which he worked as a teacher in the Tarbut school system in Vilnius. In 1921 he joined the Borochov Zionist Youth Movement, and was also a member of HeHalutz. In 1925, he joined Poale Zion. During the Nazi occupation, he continued to work as a teacher in the Vilna Ghetto. In 1943, he was involved in organising an uprising in the Ghetto. He was later moved to concentrations camps in Estonia and other countries.
After World War II ended, he was involved in helping organise Jews in Poland and edited a Yiddish language newspaper between 1946 and 1947. In 1947, he made aliyah to Mandatory Palestine. In 1949 he was elected to the first Knesset. However, he resigned