Nuclear law is the law related to the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology.
Nuclear energy poses special risks to the health and safety of persons and to the environment, risks that must be carefully managed.
However, nuclear material, bombs, and technology also hold the promise of significant benefits, in a variety of fields, from medicine and agriculture to electricity production and industry. A human activity that involves only hazards and no benefits calls for a legal regime of prohibition, not regulation. Thus a basic feature of nuclear energy legislation is its dual focus on risks and benefits.
The purpose and function of nuclear law is that of all law, namely to promote and to protect; to promote the development of nuclear science and technology and to protect mankind against any hazards possibly connected therewith.
On the promotional side of the palette, many kinds of public measures are found, such as outright subsidies for nuclear research and development, tax