Babi Yar, a ravine near Kyiv, was the scene of possibly the largest shooting massacre during the Holocaust. After the war, commemoration efforts encountered serious difficulty because of the policy of the Soviet Union. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, a number of memorials have been erected. The creation of the Babyn Yar Holocaust Memorial Center was initiated in 2016.
Commemoration and Soviet policy
During the years 1942-1945, Soviet media frequently reported about the events at Babi Yar, its victims being officially defined as Jewish, Ukrainian, Russian, whereby the considerable number of Roma victims was excluded. Soviet leadership did not place any emphasis on the Jewish aspect of the Babi Yar tragedy; instead, it presented these atrocities as 'murder of peaceful Soviet people' in general, including the Jewish population into the wider Soviet people. The first draft report of the Extraordinary State Commission (Чрезвычайная Государственная Комиссия), dated De