The Potter Valley Tribe is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo people in Mendocino County, California. They were previously known as the Little River Band of Pomo Indians and Potter Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California. The tribe is descended from the first-known inhabitants of the valley, which the Pomo called Ba-lo Kai. Europeans first settled there, at the headwaters of the East Fork of the Russian River, in 1852.
In 1958, Congress passed the first "Rancheria Act," and 41 Rancherias in California were terminated. Throughout California, 7,601 acres of trust lands were terminated, and 1,330 Native people killed. The Potter Valley Rancheria was formally terminated on 1 August 1961. This revoked the Tribe's federal status, excluded members from further assistance as Indians, and distributed land assignments to eligible members. This placed the land in fee simple status, allowing members to live on or dispose of the property ? and be subject to property taxe