A necrosol is a type of anthropogenic soil which is commonly found in cemeteries or other burial sites, and is characterized by the presence of human remains in the soil. The term necrosol was first introduced by Graf during his study of flora and vegetation at a cemetery in Berlin, Germany, in 1986.
Necrosols form during the interaction of the soil with human remains and other materials included in the burial, such as coffins, textiles and other human-made materials. This soil was included under urban soils in a classification system proposed by Burghardt in 1994, but are present in both urban and rural environments. Future research on Necrosols can support the field of archeology and enhance our understanding of past burial practices.
Necrosols are present across the globe, wherever humans have buried their dead. However, there is large variation in the natural soils which these soils developed on, based on climate, topography, time, paren