Concept

Names of the Serbs and Serbia

Résumé
Names of the Serbs and Serbia are terms and other designations referring to general terminology and nomenclature on the Serbs (Срби, Srbi, sr̩̂biː) and Serbia (Србија/Srbija, sř̩bija). Throughout history, various endonyms and exonyms have been used in reference to ethnic Serbs and their lands. Basic terms, used in Serbian language, were introduced via classical languages (Greek and Latin) into other languages, including English. The process of interlingual transmission began during the early medieval period, and continued up to the modern times, being finalized in major international languages at the beginning of the 20th century. Etymology The ethnonym is mentioned in the Middle Ages as Cervetiis (Servetiis), gentis (S)urbiorum, Suurbi, Sorabi, Soraborum, Sorabos, Surpe, Sorabici, Sorabiet, Sarbin, Swrbjn, Servians, Sorbi, Sirbia, Sribia, Zirbia, Zribia, Suurbelant, Surbia, Serbulia (or Sorbulia), among others. There exist two prevailing theories on the origin of the ethnony
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