Concept

Gwyddelwern

Résumé
Gwyddelwern is a small village and community of 508 residents, reducing to 500 at the 2011 census, situated approximately north of Corwen in Denbighshire in Wales. Historically the village was part of the Edeyrnion district of Meirionnydd. Edeyrnion was part of the Glyndŵr district of Clwyd from 1974 to 1996, when the area became part of the principal area of Denbighshire. The village straddles the A494 road (trunk road). TOC The name is often "poetically", but incorrectly, translated as The Irishman's Alder Grove. Gwyddel being Irishman, wern usually referring to a damp or swampy area arising from run-off from surrounding hills. However, the name is derived from gwyddeli, meaning thickets, hence the correct translation would be alder marsh in the thickets. In colloquial speech the village is often referred to simply as Gwyddel. The outlook to the west of the village is dominated by the hills Mynydd-Rhŷd-Ddu and Bryn Gwenallt. To the south the view extends over the Dee Valley to the Berwyn Mountains and Arenig Fawr near Bala. Besides farm work, local employers include a saw mill in the village and light manufacturing in Corwen and Cynwyd, further south. The nearby hamlet of Bryn Saith Marchog (), features in the story of Branwen, daughter of Llyr, part of the Mabinogion, and is so named after Bendigeidfran (Bran the Blessed), who stationed seven princes or knights there (the Saith Marchog) to watch over his lands while he was away in Ireland. The Lordship of Gwyddelwern was a junior title within the Princely House of Powys Fadog and was recorded in 1400 as being held by Tudur ap Gruffudd, son of Gruffydd Fychan II, who was the younger brother of Prince Owain Glyndŵr. Tudur perished in battle during Glyndŵr's war of independence and the title became dormant. His grandson, Elisau ab Gruffydd, husband of Margaret, the heiress of Plas yn Yale, would later succeed Tudur to the Lordship of Gwyddelwern and become Baron of Gwyddelwern.
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