Concept

Aéroport de Dresde

Résumé
Dresden Airport is the international airport of Dresden, the state capital of Saxony, Germany. It is located in Klotzsche, a district of Dresden north of the city centre. It was formerly also known in German as Flughafen Dresden-Klotzsche. Destinations from the airport include a few European cities and several holiday destinations. Elbe Flugzeugwerke (EFW), a subsidiary of ST Engineering Aerospace and Airbus, is based at the airport. EFW is mainly tasked with freighter conversions. The airport was opened to commercial traffic on 11 July 1935. Though planned as a commercial airport, its importance to the military increased dramatically during the Third Reich. During World War II it was exclusively used for military purposes. An airlift between the airport and Breslau (modern day Wrocław) was established to support German troops during the Siege of Breslau in the spring of 1945. Attempts to destroy buildings and equipment before Allied troops could occupy Dresden failed due to the resistance of civil airport employees. During the following years, the airport was used as an education centre for the Soviet army. It was reopened for commercial traffic on 16 June 1957. In 1959 international air traffic resumed, primarily to Eastern Bloc countries. Between 1955 and 1961, the East German government decided to develop its own aviation industry centred on Dresden, with the VEB Flugzeugwerke Dresden ("Publicly-owned Aircraft Factories Dresden") as the main plant. Although this development ultimately failed, it increased the importance of Klotzsche Airport considerably, and still shapes the design and atmosphere of the airport today. With the end of aircraft manufacturing in 1961, the plant became the VEB Flugzeugwerft Dresden ("Publicly-owned Aircraft Maintenance Dresden"), a maintenance facility for Eastern Bloc fighter aircraft and helicopters. From 1963, the airport was also home of an East German military transport squadron with Ilyushin Il-14 and later Antonov An-26, designated as Transportfliegerstaffel 27 (TFS-27) and later Transportfliegerstaffel 24 (TFS-24, TS-24).
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