Concept

Yanshan University

Résumé
Yanshan University(YSU) () is a public research university in Qinhuangdao, Hebei, China under the management of Hebei provincial government. Until 2023, it has a student population of 40,000 and a staff population of 3,200 (2,058 are teachers, including 568 professors and 678 associate professors). The origin of Yanshan University can be traced back to the Harbin Institute of Technology(Harbin Sino-Russian Industrial School), founded in 1920. In 1958, the Department of Heavy Machinery of Harbin Institute of Technology and its related specialties moved to the strategic industrial town of Fulaerji, Qiqihar in northeast China's Heilongjiang Province and was renamed the School of Heavy Machinery of the Harbin Institute of Technology. The School of Heavy Machinery of the Harbin Institute of Technology gained independence in 1960 and was renamed as the Northeast Heavy Machinery Institute. Later, in 1961, it merged with the Shenyang College of Heavy Machinery and the Lanzhou Petroleum Industry Institute. In 1978, it was recognized as one of the 88 key national institutions for higher education. From 1984 onwards, some of the departments and staff of the Northeast Heavy Machinery Institute started moving southward to Qinhuangdao, a coastal city in Hebei Province. The Northeast Heavy Machinery Institute completely migrated to Qinhuangdao in 1997. It was accredited by the former State Education Commission to adopt the present name of Yanshan University. In the 2018 "World Robot Contest-Inclusive Robot Challenge" sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the scientific research team of YSU won the first prize. In 2023, based on the volume and citations on published research papers, engineering, materials science, chemistry, and computer science of YSU are among the top 1% of ESI(Essential Science Indicators by Clarivate) rankings worldwide. YSU played a role in the design and production of Comac C919, as well as contributing to the design of the Shenzhou spacecraft, the Chinese high-speed rail, and the commissioning and design of FAST(Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope).
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