Concept

Legnano

Résumé
Legnano (leɲˈɲaːno; Legnàn or Lignàn) is an Italian town and comune in the north-westernmost part of the Province of Milan, about from central Milan. With 60,259, it is the thirteenth-most populous township in Lombardy. Legnano is located in the Alto Milanese and is crossed by the Olona river. The history of Legnano and its municipal area has been traced back to the 1st millennium BC via archaeological evidence. Already in remote times, in fact, the hills that line the Olona proved to be habitable places. The town was established in 1261. Because of the historic victory of the Lombard League over Frederick Barbarossa at Legnano, it is the only town other than Rome named in the Italian national anthem ("[...] Dall'Alpi a Sicilia dovunque è Legnano [...]", en. "From the Alps to Sicily, Legnano is everywhere"). Every year the people of Legnano commemorate the battle with Palio di Legnano. In the institutional sphere, on 29 May, the date of the battle of Legnano, it was chosen as the regional holiday of Lombardy. Geography of Lombardy and Legnanese (region) Located in the south of the Varesine Prealps along the Olona valley, the comune of Legnano has an area of , has an elevation of above sea level, and is seismically classified in Zone 4 (Irrelevant seismology). The valley soil is mainly composed of sand, gravel, and clay. A thin layer of humus also used to coat the valley, rendering it a moorland useless to agriculture. Legnano is crossed by the Olona river, which cuts Legnano into two near-equally sized portions. Olona has a number of deviations both natural, like the Olonella, that in located near to Visconti Castle, and artificial. The latter of these are the diversionary channels and levees that encase much of the river as it flows through Legnano, especially around the former Cantoni and Dell'Acqua cotton mills. These were built because the Olona was prone to damaging floods, but consequently made the Olona one of the most polluted rivers in Italy.
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