Concept

John Murray (11e duc d'Atholl)

Résumé
John Murray, 11th Duke of Atholl (19 January 1929 – 15 May 2012), was a South African-born hereditary peer of the Peerage of Scotland, hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Murray, and Colonel-in-Chief of the Atholl Highlanders. As Duke of Atholl, he commanded the only legal private army in Europe. He acceded as the 11th duke on 27 February 1996, succeeding his second cousin, once removed, The 10th Duke of Atholl. The Duke was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, as the only child of Major George Murray and his wife Joan Eastwood, a daughter of William Edward Eastwood. His father was killed on active service in the Second World War. He was the paternal grandson of the Rev. Douglas Stuart Murray, Rector of Blithfield, Staffordshire, and his wife Harriet Georgina Isabel Bridgeman. Douglas Stuart Murray was a grandson of the Rt. Rev. George Murray, Bishop of Rochester, who himself was a grandson of John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl. The young Murray was educated at Michaelhouse from 1941 to 1946, in what was then the midlands of Natal, and gained an appreciation for cricket and the outdoors. From there, he proceeded to the University of the Witwatersrand, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in engineering. After taking his degree, Murray worked as a land surveyor. On 15 December 1956 in Pretoria, he married Margaret "Peggy" Yvonne Leach , the only daughter of Ronald Leonard Leach of Louis Trichardt, Transvaal, South Africa and wife Faith Kleinenberg. They had three children: Lady Jennifer Murray (born 8 February 1958), who has married and has children Bruce Murray, now 12th Duke of Atholl (born 6 April 1960), who has married and has children Lord Craig John Murray (born 1963), who has married and has children In 1996, on the death of his kinsman, a second cousin, once removed, Iain Murray, 10th Duke of Atholl, Murray succeeded as 11th Duke at the age of 67. However, the day before the death of the 10th Duke, it was announced that he had given his ancestral seat of Blair Castle and most of his estates to a charitable trust, thus effectively disinheriting his heir.
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