Concept

Schwarze Kapelle

Résumé
The Schwarze Kapelle (German for Black Orchestra) was a term used by the Gestapo to refer to a group of conspirators in Nazi Germany, including many senior officers in the Wehrmacht, who plotted to overthrow Adolf Hitler. Unlike the Rote Kapelle (Red Orchestra), the name given by the Gestapo to the Soviet spy network in the Third Reich, many members of the Black Orchestra were of aristocratic background, felt contempt for the ideology of the Nazi Party, and were politically close to the Western Allies. Membership Schwarze Kapelle claimed members throughout the German military and government. Those believed to have been active with the organisation included: *Admiral Wilhelm Canaris (1887–1945), ranking member, the head of German military intelligence, the Abwehr *Generalmajor Hans Oster 1887–1945, deputy head of the Abwehr *Generalmajor Henning von Tresckow (1901–1944), chief of operations at the HQ of Günther von Kluge's Army Group Centre *General Erich Fellgiebel (1886–19
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