Concept

Altaf Hussain Hali

Résumé
Altaf Hussain Hali ( – Alṭāf Ḥusain Ḥālī; 1837 – 31 December 1914), also known as Maulana Khawaja Hali, was an Urdu poet and writer. He was born in Panipat to Khwaja Ezad Baksh and was a descendant of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari. He belonged to the Panipat Ansari clan, whose members included Lutfullah Khan Sadiq, the Diwan-i-Khalisa and governor of Shahjahanabad in the Mughal empire, and Sher Afkan Panipati, the governor of Multan. Hali's father died when he was nine years old and his mother suffered from dementia. He was in the care of his elder brother Khwaja Imdad Husain after the death of his parents and when he was fifteen, upon the forcing of the elder brother, married his cousin Islam-un-Nisa. Hali studied, and memorized, the Quran under Hafiz Mumtaz Husain, Arabic under Haji Ibrahim Husain and Persian under Syed Jafar Ali. Resentful of hindreance to his studies by marriage, at age seventeen he travelled to Delhi to study at the madrasa opposite Jama Masjid, which was called 'Husain Baksh ka Madrasa.' Hali composed an essay in Arabic that supported the dialectics of Siddiq Hasan Khan, who was an adherent of Wahhabism. His teacher, Maulvi Navazish Ali, belonged to the Hanafi school and when he saw the essay he tore it up. At this time Hali adopted the takhallus "Khasta", which means "the exhausted, the distressed, the heartbroken". He showed his work to the poet Ghalib, who advised him: "Young man, I never advise anyone to write poetry but to you I say, if you don't write poetry, you will be very harsh on your temperament". After a three year stay in Delhi, 1852 to 1855, he returned to Panipat and his first son was born. In the following year he was employed at the Collector's office in Hissar. The Indian rebellion of 1857 was an armed uprising in British India against the oppressive and destructive British colonial rule and was also popularly remembered as the 'First War of Independence'. This was a turning point in his life because he was an eyewitness to the catastrophe. His family took in a widowed girl who lived with them for the rest of her life.
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