Concept

Ion Vianu

Résumé
Ion Vianu (born April 15, 1934 in Bucharest) is a Romanian writer and psychiatrist, who has lived in Switzerland since 1977. He is the son of literary critic Tudor Vianu and his wife, Elena. He first studied classical philology for two years (1952-1954) as a kind of "self-imposed exile into another world", as he calls it, before studying medicine. Ion Vianu was one of those who signed Paul Goma's 1977 open letter that expressed solidarity with the Charter 77 movement in Czechoslovakia. This was done, partly, to put the Romanian communist authorities under pressure to allow him to emigrate. As a result, he was interrogated by the Romanian's secret police, the Securitate, harassed, fired from his University job, and eventually allowed to emigrate to Switzerland. After settling down in Switzerland, he joined the "Geneva Initiative Against Political Psychiatry" and collaborated with Radio Free Europe, discussing attempts to use psychiatry as a form of repression. After the 1989 Revolution, he became actively involved in the reform of the system of psychiatric treatment in Romania to bring it up to world standards. Vianu, together with his friend Matei Călinescu, published an autobiographical volume, Amintiri în dialog ("Remembrances in Dialogue"). Ion Vianu's writings include memoires, novels and critical essays. He published the novels Caietele lui Ozias (in 2004) and Vasiliu, foi volante (in 2006), both being part of the cycle Arhiva trădarii şi a mâniei (the Archive of Treason and Wrath), dealing with Romanian society during the communist regime . (2nd edition, completed and reviewed, 2016) He also published another two novels, Paramnezii (2005) and, in 2007, "Necredinciosul" (the Unfaithful), inspired by his practice as a psychiatrist in the Western world. In 2009 he published Exercitii de sinceritate (Exercises in sincerity) about his public life under the communist regime during the seventies. In 2010 he published an autobiographical novel, Amor intellectualis, dealing with some major figures from his youth and the tragic destiny of the intelligentsia under the communist regime.
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