Concept

Base sous-marine

Résumé
A submarine base is a military base that shelters submarines and their personnel. Examples of present-day submarine bases include HMNB Clyde, Île Longue (the base for France's Force océanique stratégique), Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Naval Submarine Base New London, and Rybachiy Nuclear Submarine Base (near Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky). INS Vajrabahu and INS Satavahana are the submarine bases of the Indian Navy. A new underground submarine base, INS Varsha is under construction near Vishakhapatnam for the new expanding fleet of Indian nuclear submarines. The Israeli navy bases its growing submarine force in Haifa. Former submarine bases include DORA 1, , Naval Submarine Base Bangor (now part of Naval Base Kitsap), Mare Island Naval Shipyard (a nuclear-capable base), Ordnance Island in Bermuda during World War II, and the formerly-classified Soviet base at Balaklava in the now Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Holland Torpedo Boat Station at hamlet of New Suffolk, New York claims to be the first submarine base in the United States: it served as the base for , a submarine launched in May 1897 and several submarines launched 1901–1903. However, the United States Navy claims Naval Submarine Base New London was the Navy's first submarine base, having been so designated in 1916. File:HMNB Clyde.jpg|[[HMNB Clyde]] File:Ford Island aerial photo RIMPAC 1986.JPEG|[[Naval Station Pearl Harbor]] File:US Navy 060920-N-0000X-001 An aerial view of U.S. Naval Base Guam Sept. 20, 2006. Naval Base Guam supports the U.S. Pacific Fleet.jpg|[[Naval Base Guam]] File:9 Flattops at Norfolk naval base, December 20, 2012.jpg|[[Naval Station Norfolk]] File:NavBasePointLoma.jpg|[[Naval Base Point Loma]] File:USS-L8.jpg|[[Portsmouth Naval Shipyard]] with {{USS|L-8|SS-48|2}} in 1917, the first submarine built by an US Navy [[shipyard]] File:USS Holland (AS-3) tending submarines at Fremantle, Australia, on 5 March 1942 (AWM 302625).jpg|[[USS Holland (AS-3)]] tending submarines at [[Fremantle submarine base]], Australia, on 5 March 1942 File:Four Natick class hardor tugs guide USS Ohio (SSBN-726) out of drydock.
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