Concept

Trudeauism

Résumé
Trudeauism refers to the liberal political ideology associated with former Liberal Party of Canada leader and Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Trudeauism involves social liberal, economic nationalist and Canadian nationalist policies. Social justice is also an important principle of Trudeauism, with the ideology envisioning a just society. It is concerned with historical disenfranchisement for cultural and linguistic minorities in Canada, such as Francophones, and advocates for bilingualism and multiculturalism in Canada, though it opposes distinct society status for Quebec as advocated by some Canadian federalists. However, Pierre Trudeau's policies on First Nations affairs included the White Paper that controversially advocated the end of economic and political autonomy of First Nations within Canada that had been granted for centuries. This initiative failed and was later removed from the Trudeau government's agenda. Trudeauism, in contrast with the liberalism advocated by Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier, places higher emphasis on equality and social justice, while Laurier liberalism emphasizes individualism and classical liberalism. Trudeauism also involves a more centralized federal government, resulting in policies like the National Energy Program. On the other hand, Laurier liberalism involves a more decentralized form of federalism.
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