Résumé
In optics, an image is defined as the collection of focus points of light rays coming from an object. A real image is the collection of focus points actually made by converging/diverging rays, while a is the collection of focus points made by extensions of diverging or converging rays. In other words, it is an image which is located in the plane of convergence for the light rays that originate from a given object. Examples of real images include the image produced on a detector in the rear of a camera, and the image produced on an eyeball retina (the camera and eye focus light through an internal convex lens). In ray diagrams (such as the images on the right), real rays of light are always represented by full, solid lines; perceived or extrapolated rays of light are represented by dashed lines. A real image occurs where rays converge, whereas a virtual image occurs where rays only appear to diverge. Real images can be produced by concave mirrors and converging lenses, only if the object is placed further away from the mirror/lens than the focal point, and this real image is inverted. As the object approaches the focal point the image approaches infinity, and when the object passes the focal point the image becomes virtual and is not inverted (upright image). The distance is not the same as from the object to the lenses. Real images may also be inspected by a second lens or lens system. This is the mechanism used by telescopes, binoculars and light microscopes. The objective lens gathers the light from the object and projects a real image within the structure of the optical instrument. A second lens or system of lenses, the eyepiece, then projects a second real image onto the retina of the eye.
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Concepts associés (21)
Real image
In optics, an image is defined as the collection of focus points of light rays coming from an object. A real image is the collection of focus points actually made by converging/diverging rays, while a is the collection of focus points made by extensions of diverging or converging rays. In other words, it is an image which is located in the plane of convergence for the light rays that originate from a given object.
Oculaire
vignette|Une collection de différents oculaires.Un oculaire est un système optique complémentaire de l'objectif. Il est utilisé dans les instruments tels que les microscopes ou les télescopes pour agrandir l'image produite au plan focal de l'objectif. Un oculaire est en fait une loupe perfectionnée pour fournir une image à l'infini, c'est-à-dire une image nette sans accommodation de l'œil, et avec le moins d'aberration optique possible. Ce sont les caractéristiques inhérentes à l'oculaire seul.
Virtual image
In optics, an image is defined as the collection of focus points of light rays coming from an object. A is the collection of focus points made by converging rays, while a virtual image is the collection of focus points made by extensions of diverging rays. In other words, a virtual image is found by tracing real rays that emerge from an optical device (lens, mirror, or some combination) backward to perceived or apparent origins of ray divergences.
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Explore la relation focale longueur-rayon, le tracé des rayons pour les caractéristiques de l'image et le placement des objets pour les miroirs concaves.
Miroirs concaves: Formation d'images et caractéristiques
Explique la formation de l'image par un miroir concave et les caractéristiques de l'image résultante.
Miroir concave: Formation d'image et longueur focale
Explore la formation de l'image dans un miroir concave et comment trouver sa distance focale.
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