Concept

Demographics of Sarajevo

Résumé
The population of the city of Sarajevo's four municipalities is 275,524, whereas the Sarajevo Canton population is estimated at 413,593. Sarajevo (five municipalities: Centar, Novi Grad, Novo Sarajevo, Ilidža and Stari Grad) total: 361,735 The greater area of Sarajevo (ten municipalities: Centar, Ilidža, Hadžići, Ilijaš, Novi Grad, Novo Sarajevo, Pale, Stari Grad, Trnovo and Vogošća) total: 527,049 Historically Sarajevo had always been a very populous city, but as the Ottoman Empire declined, so did its population. Although it had around 100,000 people in the 1660s, by the end of World War II in the 1940s Sarajevo had only grown to some 115,000 people. The population of the district of Sarajevo, according to the 1921 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes religious population census: Serbian Orthodox Christians 55,477 (38.6%) Sunni Muslims 50,270 (34.9%) Roman Catholic Christians 29,395 (20.4%) Others 8,768 (6.1%) In 1921 there were 8 municipalities, and their populations were: Serbs comprised majorities in 5 municipalities: Ilidža, Koševo, Pale, Rajlovac, and Trnovo. Bosniaks comprised majorities in the City of Sarajevo and in 2 municipalities: Bjelašnica and Ozren. The same year, the City of Sarajevo had 78,173 inhabitants: Sunni Muslims 29,649 (37.9%) Roman Catholic Christians 21,373 (27.3%) Serbian Orthodox Christians 18,630 (23.8%) Others 8,522 (11.0%) Heavy industrialization and increased importance in regional affairs during the time of Yugoslavia resulted in a rapid increase, however, and by the time of the 1984 Olympics, the greater Sarajevo area had more than 500,000 residents. Although exact ethnic distribution is unknown, of these 500,000, 49% were Muslim, 30% Orthodox Christians, and 7% Catholics, indicating relatively corresponding percentages of Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. The Yugoslav wars and the resulting siege of Sarajevo radically disrupted this order of things. The city itself was completely surrounded by Bosnian Serb forces, and it has been estimated that some 12,000 people were killed, with another 50,000 wounded.
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