Concept

Alrewas

Résumé
Alrewas (ˈɔːlrɪwəs ) is a village and civil parish in the Lichfield District of Staffordshire, England. The village is beside the River Trent and about northeast of Lichfield. It is located southwest of Burton-on-Trent. The parish is bounded by the Trent to the north and east, and by field boundaries to the south and west. The A38 road passes the village, which is just inside the boundary of the National Forest. Until 2009 Alrewas was part of the civil parish of Alrewas and Fradley. Fradley had begun as a hamlet in the ancient parish of Alrewas, and the civil parish was named to reflect Fradley's growth into a village. From 1 April 2009 Alrewas and Fradley have been two separate civil parishes. Near Alrewas are the villages of Wychnor, Barton-under-Needwood, Fradley and Kings Bromley. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 2,852. The toponym "Alrewas" is derived from the Old English Alor-wæsse, meaning "alluvial land growing with alder trees". The A38 dual carriageway follows the line of Ryknild Street, a Roman road that linked what are now Gloucestershire and South Yorkshire. Orgreave Hall is a brick-built country house in Alrewas parish about northwest of the village. It was built in 1668 and extended in the early 18th century. The Trent and Mersey Canal was built between 1766 and 1777. It passes through Alrewas, where northeast of the village it has a junction with the River Trent. The South Staffordshire Line of the South Staffordshire Railway was built through the parish in the 1840s and Alrewas railway station was opened in 1849. British Railways closed the station in 1965, but this part of the line remains open. East of Alrewas is the National Memorial Arboretum, dedicated to remembering those lost due to warfare since the Second World War. The Church of England parish church is All Saints in Church Lane. The oldest parts of the building are 12th-century. Some Norman work remains but much of the present building is Gothic from the 13th, 14th and 16th centuries. The font is 15th-century.
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