Concept

Groupoid

Summary
In mathematics, especially in and homotopy theory, a groupoid (less often Brandt groupoid or virtual group) generalises the notion of group in several equivalent ways. A groupoid can be seen as a: *Group with a partial function replacing the binary operation;
  • in which every morphism is invertible. A category of this sort can be viewed as augmented with a unary operation on the morphisms, called inverse by analogy with group theory. A groupoid where there is only one object is a usual group.
In the presence of dependent typing, a category in general can be viewed as a typed monoid, and similarly, a groupoid can be viewed as simply a typed group. The morphisms take one from one object to another, and form a dependent family of types, thus morphisms might be typed g:A \rightarrow B, h:B \rightarrow C, say. Composition is then a total function: \circ : (B \rightarrow C) \rightarrow (A \rightarrow B) \rightarrow A \rightarrow C , so that h
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