The Chams (Cham: ꨌꩌ, Čaṃ) or Champa people (Cham: , Urang Campa; Người Chăm or Người Chàm; ជនជាតិចាម, ) are an Austronesian ethnic group in Southeast Asia, and indigenous people of Central Vietnam.
The Cham people are largely Muslims in Vietnam and predominantly Buddhist Cambodia.
From 2nd century to 1832, the Cham populated Champa, a collection of independent principalities in what is now central and southern Vietnam.
The Cham people speak the Cham language and the Tsat language (the latter is spoken by the Utsul, a Cham sub-group on China's Hainan Island), the two Chamic languages from the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family.
For a long time, researchers believed that the Chams had arrived by sea in the first millennium BC from Sumatra, Borneo and the Malay Peninsula, eventually settling in central modern Vietnam.
The original Cham are therefore the likely heirs of Austronesian navigators from Taiwan and Borneo, whose ma