A Juris Doctor, a Doctor of Jurisprudence, or a Doctor of Law (abbreviated JD) is a graduate-entry professional degree in law. The JD is the standard degree obtained to practice law in the United States, where there is no undergraduate professional law degree. Some jurisdictions, such as Australia, Canada and Hong Kong, offer both the JD and undergraduate qualifying law degrees.
It has the academic standing of a professional doctorate (in contrast to a research doctorate) in the United States, and is described as a "doctor's degree – professional practice" by the United States Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. In Australia and Hong Kong, it has the academic standing of a master's degree, and it is considered a second-entry bachelor's degree in Canada. Notwithstanding the use of the word "doctor" in the title, JD holders typically do not use the honorific "Dr".
The degree was first awarded in