**Are you an EPFL student looking for a semester project?**

Work with us on data science and visualisation projects, and deploy your project as an app on top of GraphSearch.

Concept# Speed

Summary

In everyday use and in kinematics, the speed (commonly referred to as v) of an object is the magnitude of the change of its position over time or the magnitude of the change of its position per unit of time; it is thus a scalar quantity. The average speed of an object in an interval of time is the distance travelled by the object divided by the duration of the interval; the instantaneous speed is the limit of the average speed as the duration of the time interval approaches zero. Speed is the magnitude of velocity (a vector), which indicates additionally the direction of motion.
Speed has the dimensions of distance divided by time. The SI unit of speed is the metre per second (m/s), but the most common unit of speed in everyday usage is the kilometre per hour (km/h) or, in the US and the UK, miles per hour (mph). For air and marine travel, the knot is commonly used.
The fastest possible speed at which energy or information can travel, according to special relativity, is the speed of

Official source

This page is automatically generated and may contain information that is not correct, complete, up-to-date, or relevant to your search query. The same applies to every other page on this website. Please make sure to verify the information with EPFL's official sources.

Related publications

Loading

Related people

Loading

Related units

Loading

Related concepts

Loading

Related courses

Loading

Related lectures

Loading

Related publications (100)

Loading

Loading

Loading

Related people (24)

Related units (11)

Related concepts (47)

Velocity

Velocity is the speed and the direction of motion of an object. Velocity is a fundamental concept in kinematics, the branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of bodies.
Velocity is a p

International System of Units

The International System of Units, internationally known by the abbreviation SI (for Système International), is the modern form of the metric sys

Speed of light

The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted '''c''', is a universal physical constant that is exactly equal to ). According to the special theory of relativity, c is the

A method and apparatus to produce a net list of gates and Flip-Flops for one algorithm in order to find the best compromise between power consumption, speed and silicon surface by using a two step process. First the algorithm is written for a processor that has no restrictions in terms of number and size of register, core, operations set, memory handler and instructions. The program assembly of this processor fits into a two-dimensional table. To increase speed, the tables are configured to place the program operation in as many columns as possible, and to reduce silicon the tables are configured to place operations in a single column with many rows. The second stage consists of converting this virtual processor with its program tables into an HDL file ready for synthesis.

2010Ahmed Bassam Sayed Ayoub Mohamed Emam

In this thesis, we study the 3 challenges described above. First, we study different reconstruction techniques and assess the fidelity of each reconstruction results by means of structured illumination and phase conjugation. By reconstructing the 3D refractive index of the sample using different algorithms (i.e. Born, Rytov, and Radon) and then perform a numerical back-propagation of experimentally measured structured illumination pattern we are able to assess the fidelity of each reconstruction algorithms without prior information about the 3D RI distribution of the sample.The second part of the thesis is concerned with the 3D reconstruction of samples using intensity-only measurements which the need to holographically acquire them. We show that using intensity-only measurements, we could still be able to reconstruct the 3D volume of the sample with edge-enhanced effects which was proven useful for drug delivery applications in which nano-particles were identified on the cell membrane of immune T-cells in a drug delivery studies. Such reconstruction technique would result in more robust imaging system where the commercial imaging microscope systems can be incorporated with LEDs for high-quality speckle noise-free imaging systems. In addition, we show that under certain conditions, we can be able to reconstruct the 3D refractive index distribution of different samples.The third part of the thesis is contributing to high-speed complex wave-front shaping using DMDs. In that part, new modulation technique is demonstrated that can boost the speed of the current time-multiplexing techniques by a factor of 32. The modulation technique is based on amplitude modulation where an amplitude modulator is synchronized withvthe DMD to modulate the intensity of each bit-plane of an 8-bit image and then all the modulated bit-planes are linearly added on the detector. Such modulation technique can be used not only for structured illumination microscopy but also for high-speed 3D printing applications as well as projectors.The last part is concerned with using deep learning approaches to solve the missing cone problem usually accompanied with optical imaging due to the limited numerical aperture of the imaging system. Two techniques are discussed; the first is based on using a physical model to enhance the quality of the 3D RI reconstruction and the second is based on using deep neural network to solve the missing cone problem.

Electro-optic modulators are essential for sensing, metrology and telecommunications. Most target fiber applications. Instead, metasurface-based architectures that modulate free-space light at gigahertz (GHz) speeds can boost flat optics technology by microwave electronics for active optics, diffractive computing or optoelectronic control. Current realizations are bulky or have low modulation efficiencies. Here, we demonstrate a hybrid silicon-organic metasurface platform that leverages Mie resonances for efficient electro-optic modulation at GHz speeds. We exploit quasi bound states in the continuum (BIC) that provide narrow linewidth (Q = 550 at lambda(res) = 1594 nm), light confinement to the non-linear material, tunability by design and voltage and GHz-speed electrodes. Key to the achieved modulation of Delta T/T-max = 67% are molecules with r(33) = 100 pm/V and optical field optimization for low-loss. We demonstrate DC tuning of the resonant frequency of quasi-BIC by Delta lambda(res) = 11 nm, surpassing its linewidth, and modulation up to 5 GHz (f(EO,- 3dB) = 3 GHz). Guided mode resonances tune by Delta lambda(res) = 20 nm. Our hybrid platform may incorporate free-space nanostructures of any geometry or material, by application of the active layer post-fabrication.

Related courses (137)

La Physique Générale I (avancée) couvre la mécanique du point et du solide indéformable. Apprendre la mécanique, c'est apprendre à mettre sous forme mathématique un phénomène physique, en modélisant la situation et appliquant les lois de la physique.

Le but du cours de physique générale est de donner à l'étudiant les notions de base nécessaires à la compréhension des phénomènes physiques. L'objectif est atteint lorsque l'étudiant est capable de prévoir quantitativement les conséquences de ces phénomènes avec des outils théoriques appropriés.

Introduction à la mécanique des fluides, à l'électromagnétisme et aux phénomènes ondulatoires

Related lectures (447)