Antoine Vincent Boniface, Jürgen Brugger, Paul Delrot, Lorenz Hagelüken, Max Kollep, Georgia Konstantinou, Damien Claude-Marie Loterie, Jorge Andres Madrid Wolff, Christophe Moser
Ceramics are highly technical materials with properties of interest for multiple industries. Precisely because of their high chemical, thermal, and mechanical resistance, ceramics are difficult to mold into complex shapes. A possibility to make convoluted ceramic parts is to use preceramic polymers (PCP) in liquid form. The PCP resin is first solidified in a desired geometry and then transformed into ceramic compounds through a pyrolysis step that preserves the shape. Light-based additive manufacturing (AM) is a promising route to achieve solidification of the PCP resin. Different approaches, such as stereolithography, have already been proposed but they all rely on a layer-by-layer printing process which sets limitations on the printing speed and object geometry. Here, we report on the fabrication of complex 3D centimeter-scale ceramic parts by using tomographic volumetric printing, which is fast and offers a high resolution and geometrical design freedom. First, we formulated a photosensitive preceramic resin that was solidified by projecting light patterns from multiple angles. Then, the obtained 3D printed parts were converted into ceramics by pyrolysis. We demonstrate the strength of this approach through the fabrication of dense microcomponents exhibiting overhangs and hollow geometries without the need of supporting structures, and characterize their resistance to thermal stress and harsh chemical treatments.