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Concept# Linear combination

Summary

In mathematics, a linear combination is an expression constructed from a set of terms by multiplying each term by a constant and adding the results (e.g. a linear combination of x and y would be any expression of the form ax + by, where a and b are constants). The concept of linear combinations is central to linear algebra and related fields of mathematics.
Most of this article deals with linear combinations in the context of a vector space over a field, with some generalizations given at the end of the article.
Definition
Let V be a vector space over the field K. As usual, we call elements of V vectors and call elements of K scalars.
If v1,...,vn are vectors and a1,...,an are scalars, then the linear combination of those vectors with those scalars as coefficients is
:a_1 \mathbf v_1 + a_2 \mathbf v_2 + a_3 \mathbf v_3 + \cdots + a_n \mathbf v_n.
There is some ambiguity in the use of the term "linear combination" as to whether it refers to the expression or to

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An existence result is presented for the dynamical low rank (DLR) approximation for random semi-linear evolutionary equations. The DLR solution approximates the true solution at each time instant by a linear combination of products of deterministic and stochastic basis functions, both of which evolve over time. A key to our proof is to find a suitable equivalent formulation of the original problem. The so-called Dual Dynamically Orthogonal formulation turns out to be convenient. Based on this formulation, the DLR approximation is recast to an abstract Cauchy problem in a suitable linear space, for which existence and uniqueness of the solution in the maximal interval are established.

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