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Lecture# Quotients: Geometrical Properties

Description

This lecture explores the geometrical properties of quotients by linearly reductive groups, focusing on the surjectivity and submersiveness of the quotient map, the uniqueness of closed orbits in each fiber, and the concept of a geometric quotient when all orbits are closed. The lecture also discusses how the quotient map defines equivalence relations based on the closure of orbits, emphasizing the importance of closed orbits in determining the structure of the quotient space.

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In course

MATH-479: Linear algebraic groups

The aim of the course is to give an introduction to linear algebraic groups and to give an insight into a beautiful subject that combines algebraic geometry with group theory.

Related concepts (18)

Related lectures (13)

Reductive group

In mathematics, a reductive group is a type of linear algebraic group over a field. One definition is that a connected linear algebraic group G over a perfect field is reductive if it has a representation that has a finite kernel and is a direct sum of irreducible representations. Reductive groups include some of the most important groups in mathematics, such as the general linear group GL(n) of invertible matrices, the special orthogonal group SO(n), and the symplectic group Sp(2n).

Linear algebraic group

In mathematics, a linear algebraic group is a subgroup of the group of invertible matrices (under matrix multiplication) that is defined by polynomial equations. An example is the orthogonal group, defined by the relation where is the transpose of . Many Lie groups can be viewed as linear algebraic groups over the field of real or complex numbers. (For example, every compact Lie group can be regarded as a linear algebraic group over R (necessarily R-anisotropic and reductive), as can many noncompact groups such as the simple Lie group SL(n,R).

Algebraic group

In mathematics, an algebraic group is an algebraic variety endowed with a group structure that is compatible with its structure as an algebraic variety. Thus the study of algebraic groups belongs both to algebraic geometry and group theory. Many groups of geometric transformations are algebraic groups; for example, orthogonal groups, general linear groups, projective groups, Euclidean groups, etc. Many matrix groups are also algebraic. Other algebraic groups occur naturally in algebraic geometry, such as elliptic curves and Jacobian varieties.

Projective linear group

In mathematics, especially in the group theoretic area of algebra, the projective linear group (also known as the projective general linear group or PGL) is the induced action of the general linear group of a vector space V on the associated projective space P(V). Explicitly, the projective linear group is the quotient group PGL(V) = GL(V)/Z(V) where GL(V) is the general linear group of V and Z(V) is the subgroup of all nonzero scalar transformations of V; these are quotiented out because they act trivially on the projective space and they form the kernel of the action, and the notation "Z" reflects that the scalar transformations form the center of the general linear group.

Group of Lie type

In mathematics, specifically in group theory, the phrase group of Lie type usually refers to finite groups that are closely related to the group of rational points of a reductive linear algebraic group with values in a finite field. The phrase group of Lie type does not have a widely accepted precise definition, but the important collection of finite simple groups of Lie type does have a precise definition, and they make up most of the groups in the classification of finite simple groups.

Quotient CriterionMATH-479: Linear algebraic groups

Explores a criterion for computing quotients in algebraic geometry, emphasizing the importance of normality and g-invariant morphisms.

Kirillov Paradigm for Heisenberg Group

Explores the Kirillov paradigm for the Heisenberg group and unitary representations.

Dynamics on Homogeneous Spaces and Number Theory

Covers dynamical systems on homogeneous spaces and their interactions with number theory.

Connected ComponentsMATH-479: Linear algebraic groups

Covers the concept of connected components in linear algebraic groups and their relationship to singular groups.

Fundamental GroupsMATH-410: Riemann surfaces

Explores fundamental groups, homotopy classes, and coverings in connected manifolds.