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Person# Francesco Riva

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Higgs boson

The Higgs boson, sometimes called the Higgs particle, is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics produced by the quantum excitation of the Higgs field, one of the fields in

Standard Model

The Standard Model of particle physics is the theory describing three of the four known fundamental forces (electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions – excluding gravity) in the universe and cla

Effective field theory

In physics, an effective field theory is a type of approximation, or effective theory, for an underlying physical theory, such as a quantum field theory or a statistical mechanics model. An effective

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Related units (1)

Riccardo Rattazzi, Marc Riembau Saperas, Francesco Riva

We find the complete set of conditions satisfied by the forward 2 -> 2 scattering amplitude in unitary and causal theories. These are based on an infinite set of energy dependent quantities (the arcs) which are dispersively expressed as moments of a positive measure defined at (arbitrarily) higher energies. We identify optimal finite subsets of constraints, suitable to bound effective field theories (EFTs), at any finite order in the energy expansion. At tree level arcs are in a one to one correspondence with Wilson coefficients. We establish under which conditions this approximation applies, identifying seemingly viable EFTs where it never does. In all cases, we discuss the range of validity in both energy and couplings, where the latter has to satisfy two-sided bounds. We also extend our results to the case of small but finite t. A consequence of our study is that EFTs in which the scattering amplitude in some regime grows in energy faster than E-6 cannot be UV completed.

Francesco Riva, Matthew Thomas Walters

We present a nonperturbative recipe for directly computing the S-matrix in strongly-coupled QFTs. The method makes use of spectral data obtained in a Hamiltonian framework and can be applied to a wide range of theories, including potentially QCD. We demonstrate the utility of this prescription in the specific example of the 2+1d O(N) model at large N, using energy eigenstates computed with Hamiltonian truncation to reproduce the full 2 -> 2 scattering amplitude for arbitrary (complex) center-of-mass energy.

Muhammad Ahmad, Benjamin William Allen, Georgios Anagnostou, Konstantin Androsov, Tagir Aushev, Michele Bianco, Roberto Castello, Xin Chen, Yixing Chen, Tian Cheng, Davide Cieri, Giuseppe Codispoti, Pratyush Das, Alessandro Degano, Milos Dordevic, Dipanwita Dutta, Matthias Finger, Francesco Fiori, Daniel Gonzalez, Seungkyu Ha, Csaba Hajdu, Peter Hansen, Ali Harb, Alexis Kalogeropoulos, Viktor Khristenko, Donghyun Kim, Ji Hyun Kim, Vineet Kumar, Ajay Kumar, Sanjeev Kumar, Ekaterina Kuznetsova, Ho Ling Li, Wei Li, Shuai Liu, Hao Liu, Zhen Liu, Werner Lustermann, Bibhuprasad Mahakud, Maren Tabea Meinhard, Thomas Muller, Ioannis Papadopoulos, Vladimir Petrov, Quentin Python, Francesco Riva, Andrea Rizzi, Paolo Ronchese, Ashish Sharma, Varun Sharma, Lesya Shchutska, Muhammad Shoaib, Gurpreet Singh, Jan Steggemann, Marco Trovato, Andromachi Tsirou, David Vannerom, Joao Varela, Zheng Wang, Siyuan Wang, Hui Wang, Mingkui Wang, Jian Wang, Yi Wang, Qian Wang, Muhammad Waqas, Matthias Weber, Matthias Wolf, Fan Xia, Meng Xiao, Zhirui Xu, Yong Yang, Kai Yi

Four-lepton production in proton-proton collisions, $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow (\mathrm{Z}/ \gamma ^*)(\mathrm{Z}/\gamma ^*) \rightarrow 4\ell$ , where $\ell = \mathrm {e}$ or $\mu$ , is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 $\,\text {TeV}$ with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 $\,\text {fb}^{-1}$ . The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma (\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}) = 17.2 \pm 0.5\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.7\,\text {(syst)} \pm 0.4\,\text {(theo)} \pm 0.4\,\text {(lumi)} \text { pb}$ , measured using events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region $60< m_{\ell ^+\ell ^-} < 120\,\text {GeV}$ , is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are measured and are well described by the theoretical predictions. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be $\mathcal {B}(\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell ) = 4.8 \pm 0.2\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.2\,\text {(syst)} \pm 0.1\,\text {(theo)} \pm 0.1\,\text {(lumi)} \times 10^{-6}$ for events with a four-lepton invariant mass in the range $80< m_{4\ell } < 100\,\text {GeV}$ and a dilepton mass $m_{\ell \ell } > 4\,\text {GeV}$ for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results agree with standard model predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ $\gamma$ couplings at 95% confidence level: $-0.0012

2018