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Person# Riccardo Torre

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Standard Model

The Standard Model of particle physics is the theory describing three of the four known fundamental forces (electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions – excluding gravity) in the universe and cla

Resonance

Resonance describes the phenomenon of increased amplitude that occurs when the frequency of an applied periodic force (or a Fourier component of it) is equal or close to a natural frequency of the

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Roberto Franceschini, Riccardo Rattazzi, Michele Redi, Francesco Riva, Riccardo Torre

Run 2 LHC data show hints of a new resonance in the diphoton distribution at an invariant mass of 750 GeV. We analyse the data in terms of a new boson, extracting information on its properties and exploring theoretical interpretations. Scenarios covered include a narrow resonance and, as preliminary indications suggest, a wider resonance. If the width indications persist, the new particle is likely to belong to a strongly-interacting sector. We also show how compatibility between Run 1 and Run 2 data is improved by postulating the existence of an additional heavy particle, whose decays are possibly related to dark matter.

Duccio Pappadopulo, Andrea Thamm, Riccardo Torre, Andrea Wulzer

We introduce a model-independent strategy to study narrow resonances which we apply to a heavy vector triplet of the Standard Model (SM) group for illustration. The method is based on a simplified phenomenological Lagrangian which reproduces a large class of explicit models. Firstly, this allows us to derive robust model-independent phenomenological features and, conversely, to identify the peculiarities of different explicit realizations. Secondly, limits on sigma x BR can be converted into bounds on a few relevant parameters in a fully analytic way, allowing for an interpretation in any given explicit model. Based on the available 8TeV LHC analyses, we derive current limits and interpret them for vector triplets arising in weakly coupled (gauge) and strongly coupled (composite) extensions of the SM. We point out that a model-independent limit setting procedure must be based on purely on-shell quantities, like sigma x BR. Finite width effects altering the limits can be considerably reduced by focusing on the on-shell signal region. We illustrate this aspect with a study of the invariant mass distribution in di-lepton searches and the transverse mass distribution in lepton-neutrino final states. In addition to this paper we provide a set of online tools available at a dedicated webpage [1].

Duccio Pappadopulo, Andrea Thamm, Riccardo Torre

We construct and study the 5D realization of a composite Higgs model with minimal tuning. The Higgs is a (pseudo-)Goldstone boson from the spontaneous breaking of a global SO(5) symmetry to an SO(4) subgroup. The peculiarity of our construction lies in the specific choice of the SO(5) representations of the 5D fermions from which the Standard Model fields arise as chiral zero modes. This choice reduces the tuning of these models to the minimal model-independent value allowed by electroweak precision tests. We analyse the main differences between our 5D construction and other descriptions in terms of purely 4D field theories. 5D models are generally more constrained and show a generic difficulty in accommodating a light Higgs without reintroducing large corrections to the (S) over cap parameter. We propose a specific construction in which this tension can be, even though accidentally, relaxed. We discuss the spectrum of the top partners in the viable regions of parameter space and predict the existence of light exotic quarks, gamma, of charge 8/3 whose striking decay channel gamma -> W(+)W(+)W(+)b can lead to either exclusion or confirmation of the model in the near future.