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Publication# Parity-regular Steinhaus graphs

Abstract

Steinhaus graphs on n vertices are certain simple graphs in bijective correspondence with binary {0,1}-sequences of length n-1. A conjecture of Dymacek in 1979 states that the only nontrivial regular Steinhaus graphs are those corresponding to the periodic binary sequences 110 ... 110 of any length n-1 = 3m. By an exhaustive search the conjecture was known to hold up to 25 vertices. We report here that it remains true up to 117 vertices. This is achieved by considering the weaker notion of parity-regular Steinhaus graphs, where all vertex degrees have the same parity. We show that these graphs can be parametrized by an F-2-vector space of dimension approximately n/3 and thus constitute an efficiently describable domain where true regular Steinhaus graphs can be searched by computer.

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Dimension

In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it. Thus, a line has a dimension of one (1D) because only one coordinate is needed to specify a point on it - for example, the point at 5 on a number line. A surface, such as the boundary of a cylinder or sphere, has a dimension of two (2D) because two coordinates are needed to specify a point on it - for example, both a latitude and longitude are required to locate a point on the surface of a sphere.

Sequence

In mathematics, a sequence is an enumerated collection of objects in which repetitions are allowed and order matters. Like a set, it contains members (also called elements, or terms). The number of elements (possibly infinite) is called the length of the sequence. Unlike a set, the same elements can appear multiple times at different positions in a sequence, and unlike a set, the order does matter. Formally, a sequence can be defined as a function from natural numbers (the positions of elements in the sequence) to the elements at each position.

Binary number

A binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system, a method of mathematical expression which uses only two symbols: typically "0" (zero) and "1" (one). The base-2 numeral system is a positional notation with a radix of 2. Each digit is referred to as a bit, or binary digit. Because of its straightforward implementation in digital electronic circuitry using logic gates, the binary system is used by almost all modern computers and computer-based devices, as a preferred system of use, over various other human techniques of communication, because of the simplicity of the language and the noise immunity in physical implementation.