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Publication# Evidence for Alternative Hypotheses

Abstract

Most researchers want evidence for the direction of an effect, not evidence against a point null hypothesis. Such evidence is ideally on a scale that is easily in- terpretable, with an accompanying standard error. Further, the evidence from iden- tical experiments should be repeatable, and evidence from independent experiments should be easily combined, such as required in meta-analysis. Such a measure of evidence exists and has been shown to be closely related to the Kullback-Leibler symmetrized distance between null and alternative hypotheses for exponential fam- ilies. Here we provide more examples of the latter phenomenon, for distributions ly- ing outside the class of exponential families, including the non-central chi-squared family with unknown non-centrality parameter.

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Related concepts (32)

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Alternative hypothesis

In statistical hypothesis testing, the alternative hypothesis is one of the proposed proposition in the hypothesis test. In general the goal of hypothesis test is to demonstrate that in the given condition, there is sufficient evidence supporting the credibility of alternative hypothesis instead of the exclusive proposition in the test (null hypothesis). It is usually consistent with the research hypothesis because it is constructed from literature review, previous studies, etc.

Null hypothesis

In scientific research, the null hypothesis (often denoted H0) is the claim that no relationship exists between two sets of data or variables being analyzed. The null hypothesis is that any experimentally observed difference is due to chance alone, and an underlying causative relationship does not exist, hence the term "null". In addition to the null hypothesis, an alternative hypothesis is also developed, which claims that a relationship does exist between two variables.

Normal distribution

In statistics, a normal distribution or Gaussian distribution is a type of continuous probability distribution for a real-valued random variable. The general form of its probability density function is The parameter is the mean or expectation of the distribution (and also its median and mode), while the parameter is its standard deviation. The variance of the distribution is . A random variable with a Gaussian distribution is said to be normally distributed, and is called a normal deviate.

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