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Publication# An overview of some recent results on the Euler system of isentropic gas dynamics

Abstract

This overview is concerned with the well-posedness problem for the isentropic compressible Euler equations of gas dynamics. The results we present are in line with the programof investigatingthe efficiency of different selection criteria proposed in the literature in order to weed out non-physical solutions to more-dimensional systems of conservation laws and they build upon the method of convex integration developed by De Lellis and Sz,kelyhidi for the incompressible Euler equations. Mainly following [5], we investigate the role of the maximal dissipation criterion proposed by Dafermos in [6]: we prove how, for specific pressure laws, some non-standard (i.e. constructed via convex integration methods) solutions to the Riemann problem for the isentropic Euler system in two space dimensions have greater energy dissipation rate than the classical self-similar solution emanating from the same Riemann data. We therefore show that the maximal dissipation criterion proposed by Dafermos does not favour in general the self-similar solutions.

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Related concepts (4)

Dimension

In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it. Thus, a line has a dimension of one (1D) because only one coordinate is needed to specify a point on it - for example, the point at 5 on a number line. A surface, such as the boundary of a cylinder or sphere, has a dimension of two (2D) because two coordinates are needed to specify a point on it - for example, both a latitude and longitude are required to locate a point on the surface of a sphere.

Riemann hypothesis

In mathematics, the Riemann hypothesis is the conjecture that the Riemann zeta function has its zeros only at the negative even integers and complex numbers with real part 1/2. Many consider it to be the most important unsolved problem in pure mathematics. It is of great interest in number theory because it implies results about the distribution of prime numbers. It was proposed by , after whom it is named.

Euler equations (fluid dynamics)

In fluid dynamics, the Euler equations are a set of quasilinear partial differential equations governing adiabatic and inviscid flow. They are named after Leonhard Euler. In particular, they correspond to the Navier–Stokes equations with zero viscosity and zero thermal conductivity. The Euler equations can be applied to incompressible or compressible flow. The incompressible Euler equations consist of Cauchy equations for conservation of mass and balance of momentum, together with the incompressibility condition that the flow velocity is a solenoidal field.