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Publication# Isogeny graphs of ordinary abelian varieties

Abstract

Fix a prime number l. Graphs of isogenies of degree a power of l are well-understood for elliptic curves, but not for higher-dimensional abelian varieties. We study the case of absolutely simple ordinary abelian varieties over a finite field. We analyse graphs of so-called l-isogenies, resolving that, in arbitrary dimension, their structure is similar, but not identical, to the "volcanoes" occurring as graphs of isogenies of elliptic curves. Specializing to the case of principally polarizable abelian surfaces, we then exploit this structure to describe graphs of a particular class of isogenies known as (l, l)-isogenies: those whose kernels are maximal isotropic subgroups of the l-torsion for the Weil pairing. We use these two results to write an algorithm giving a path of computable isogenies from an arbitrary absolutely simple ordinary abelian surface towards one with maximal endomorphism ring, which has immediate consequences for the CM-method in genus 2, for computing explicit isogenies, and for the random self-reducibility of the discrete logarithm problem in genus 2 cryptography.

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Ontological neighbourhood

Elliptic curve

In mathematics, an elliptic curve is a smooth, projective, algebraic curve of genus one, on which there is a specified point O. An elliptic curve is defined over a field K and describes points in K^2, the Cartesian product of K with itself. If the field's characteristic is different from 2 and 3, then the curve can be described as a plane algebraic curve which consists of solutions (x, y) for: for some coefficients a and b in K. The curve is required to be non-singular, which means that the curve has no cusps or self-intersections.

Abelian variety

In mathematics, particularly in algebraic geometry, complex analysis and algebraic number theory, an abelian variety is a projective algebraic variety that is also an algebraic group, i.e., has a group law that can be defined by regular functions. Abelian varieties are at the same time among the most studied objects in algebraic geometry and indispensable tools for much research on other topics in algebraic geometry and number theory. An abelian variety can be defined by equations having coefficients in any field; the variety is then said to be defined over that field.

Dual abelian variety

In mathematics, a dual abelian variety can be defined from an abelian variety A, defined over a field K. To an abelian variety A over a field k, one associates a dual abelian variety Av (over the same field), which is the solution to the following moduli problem. A family of degree 0 line bundles parametrized by a k-variety T is defined to be a line bundle L on A×T such that for all , the restriction of L to A×{t} is a degree 0 line bundle, the restriction of L to {0}×T is a trivial line bundle (here 0 is the identity of A).

Analyse I

Le contenu de ce cours correspond à celui du cours d'Analyse I, comme il est enseigné pour les étudiantes et les étudiants de l'EPFL pendant leur premier semestre. Chaque chapitre du cours correspond

Analyse I (partie 1) : Prélude, notions de base, les nombres réels

Concepts de base de l'analyse réelle et introduction aux nombres réels.

Analyse I (partie 2) : Introduction aux nombres complexes

Introduction aux nombres complexes

We prove the non-planarity of a family of 3-regular graphs constructed from the solutions to the Markoff equation x2 + y2 + z2 = xyz modulo prime numbers greater than 7. The proof uses Euler characteristic and an enumeration of the short cycles in these gr ...

Given two elliptic curves and the degree of an isogeny between them, finding the isogeny is believed to be a difficult problem—upon which rests the security of nearly any isogeny-based scheme. If, however, to the data above we add information about the beh ...

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