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Publication# A recursive method for solving unconstrained tangential interpolation problems

Abstract

An efficient recursive solution is presented for the one-sided unconstrained tangential interpolation problem. The method relies on the triangular factorization of a certain structured matrix that is implicitly defined by the interpolation data. The recursive procedure admits a physical interpretation in terms of discretized transmission lines. In this framework the generating system is constructed as a cascade of first-order sections. Singular steps occur only when the input data is contradictory, i.e., only when the interpolation problem does not have a solution. Various pivoting schemes can be used to improve numerical accuracy or to impose additional constraints on the interpolants. The algorithm also provides coprime factorizations for all rational interpolants and can be used to solve polynomial interpolation problems such as the general Hermite matrix interpolation problem. A recursive method is proposed to compute a column-reduced generating system that can be used to solve the minimal tangential interpolation problem.

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In the mathematical field of numerical analysis, interpolation is a type of estimation, a method of constructing (finding) new data points based on the range of a discrete set of known data points. In engineering and science, one often has a number of data points, obtained by sampling or experimentation, which represent the values of a function for a limited number of values of the independent variable. It is often required to interpolate; that is, estimate the value of that function for an intermediate value of the independent variable.

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