**Are you an EPFL student looking for a semester project?**

Work with us on data science and visualisation projects, and deploy your project as an app on top of GraphSearch.

Publication# Hyper-reduced order models for parametrized unsteady Navier-Stokes equations on domains with variable shape

Abstract

In this work, we set up a new, general, and computationally efficient way to tackle parametrized fluid flows modeled through unsteady Navier-Stokes equations defined on domains with variable shape, when relying on the reduced basis method. We easily describe a domain by flexible boundary parametrizations, and generate domain (and mesh) deformations by means of a solid extension, obtained by solving a harmonic extension or a linear elasticity problem. The proposed procedure is built over a two-stage reduction: (i) first, we construct a reduced basis approximation for the mesh motion problem, irrespective of the fluid flow problem we focus on; (ii) then, we generate a reduced basis approximation of the unsteady Navier-Stokes problem, relying on finite element snapshots evaluated over a set of reduced deformed configuration, and approximating both velocity and pressure fields simultaneously. To deal with unavoidable nonaffine parametric dependencies arising in both the mesh motion and the state problem, we apply a matrix version of the discrete empirical interpolation method, allowing treating a wide range of geometrical deformations in an efficient and purely algebraic way. The same strategy is used to perform hyper-reduction of nonlinear terms. To assess the numerical performances of the proposed technique, we address the solution of parametrized fluid flows where the parameters describe both the shape of the domain and relevant physical features. Complex flow patterns such as the ones appearing in a patient-specific carotid bifurcation are accurately approximated, as well as derived quantities of potential clinical interest.

Official source

This page is automatically generated and may contain information that is not correct, complete, up-to-date, or relevant to your search query. The same applies to every other page on this website. Please make sure to verify the information with EPFL's official sources.

Related MOOCs (16)

Related concepts (33)

Related publications (37)

Plasma Physics: Introduction

Learn the basics of plasma, one of the fundamental states of matter, and the different types of models used to describe it, including fluid and kinetic.

Plasma Physics: Introduction

Learn the basics of plasma, one of the fundamental states of matter, and the different types of models used to describe it, including fluid and kinetic.

Plasma Physics: Applications

Learn about plasma applications from nuclear fusion powering the sun, to making integrated circuits, to generating electricity.

Navier–Stokes equations

The Navier–Stokes equations (nævˈjeː_stəʊks ) are partial differential equations which describe the motion of viscous fluid substances, named after French engineer and physicist Claude-Louis Navier and Irish physicist and mathematician George Gabriel Stokes. They were developed over several decades of progressively building the theories, from 1822 (Navier) to 1842-1850 (Stokes). The Navier–Stokes equations mathematically express momentum balance and conservation of mass for Newtonian fluids.

Fluid dynamics

In physics, physical chemistry and engineering, fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that describes the flow of fluids—liquids and gases. It has several subdisciplines, including aerodynamics (the study of air and other gases in motion) and hydrodynamics (the study of liquids in motion). Fluid dynamics has a wide range of applications, including calculating forces and moments on aircraft, determining the mass flow rate of petroleum through pipelines, predicting weather patterns, understanding nebulae in interstellar space and modelling fission weapon detonation.

Stokes flow

Stokes flow (named after George Gabriel Stokes), also named creeping flow or creeping motion, is a type of fluid flow where advective inertial forces are small compared with viscous forces. The Reynolds number is low, i.e. . This is a typical situation in flows where the fluid velocities are very slow, the viscosities are very large, or the length-scales of the flow are very small. Creeping flow was first studied to understand lubrication. In nature, this type of flow occurs in the swimming of microorganisms and sperm.

We present an efficient nodal discontinuous Galerkin method for approximating nearly incompressible flows using the Boltzmann equations. The equations are discretized with Hermite polynomials in velocity space yielding a first order conservation law. A sta ...

2019To enforce the conservation of mass principle, a pressure Poisson equation arises in the numerical solution of incompressible fluid flow using the pressure-based segregated algorithms such as projection methods. For unsteady flows, the pressure Poisson equ ...

2023We introduce the Reduced Immersed Method (RIM) for the real-time simulation of two-way coupled incompressible fluids and elastic solids and the interaction of multiple deformables with (self-)collisions. Our framework is based on a novel discretization of ...